The parties to this agreement are LiX FX Ltd (hereinafter known as LIX FX), Incorporated in England: 05212616. Registered Offices: 272 Regents Park Road, London. N3 3HN. Operations Offices: 235 Regents Park Road, London, N3 3LF and the Client whose details are outlined below.
1.1 LIX FX provides facilities for the purchase or sale of currencies for both commercial and personal, but not for investment or speculative, purposes. LIX FX contracts with clients are for physical delivery only.
1.2 The Client wishes to enter into a contract or contracts for the purchase, sale and delivery of currency with LIX FX and the Client agrees with LIX FX that all transactions shall be carried out on the terms and conditions (the ‘Terms’) set out below. The Client confirms that: (a) it has or will have a personal or commercial need for the currency which is the subject of each transaction and no transaction will be for the purpose of speculation or investment; and (b) it is acting on its own account and not on behalf of any other person.
2. LIX FX’S SERVICES
2.1 LIX FX will, when it decides to do so, enter into contracts for the sale, purchase and delivery of currency (‘Contracts’) with the Client. Contracts may, without limitation, include: (a) spot contracts under which currency is bought and sold for delivery immediately against receipt of payment; (b) forward contracts under which currency is bought and sold for delivery at a fixed future time; (c) forward time option contracts under which currency is bought and sold for delivery at a time subsequently instructed by the Client within an agreed period or, failing such instructions, at the end of the agreed period; and: (d) limit orders under which currency is bought and sold for delivery if and when an agreed exchange rate is available.
2.2 FORWARD CONTRACTS – We may in our absolute discretion require a deposit of between 5% – 25% of the Sale Currency in respect of all forward contracts. We will inform you of this as part of Our Contract Terms. Payment of the specified deposit may be made by BACS or electronic transfer to an account nominated by the Company. They can also be made by cheque, credit or debit card (please check we accept your card, as we do not accept all cards), but debit cards and cheques incur a £2 handling fee, and credit cards, a 5% handling fee. We reserve the right to increase this deposit at any stage up to the settlement date to allow for changes in the foreign exchange rate which we believe increase our risk under the transaction. The company may make a margin call to re-establish the deposit or margin. The margin call will be for such sum as the Company considers will be necessary to maintain the percentage of deposit level in terms of the purchase currency. The following movements are examples, not intended to be representations binding on us, of when the Company may make a margin call: (a) deposit of 10% falling to below 5% of purchase currency value (b) deposit of 20% falling to below 15% of purchase currency value In the event of such a margin call being made, the client shall pay the required amount of Sale Currency into an account nominated by the Company within 24 hours of the margin call being made. Failure to pay in full and on time may be treated as a cancellation of the Contract.
2.3 LIX FX will always contract as principal with the Client and deal with the Client on an execution only basis.
2.4 LIX FX will not provide advice to the Client upon the merits of a proposed currency transaction or provide taxation or other advice to the Client (although it may provide information to the Client from time to time). In entering a Contract the Client must not treat any information r comments by LIX FX as advice and must rely only on its own judgement (or the judgement of any third party adviser).
2.5 The Client must take physical delivery of and pay for the currency in question on the date specified in the Contract Note (‘the Maturity Date’), and, if advance or instalment payments are called for by LIX FX in the Contract Note or under Clause 4, to make such payments at such time or times as LIX FX may require.
3.1 The Client may give LIX FX oral or written instructions relating to a transaction for the purchase or sale and delivery of currency (the ‘Order’). The Client may authorise any other person (an ‘Authorised Person’) to give Orders on its behalf and LIX FX is entitled to act upon instructions which are or appear to be from the Client or any Authorised Person.
3.2 Following receipt of an Order, LIX FX shall fax or transmit electronically to the Client a contract note which will confirm the details of the Order (the ‘Contract Note’). On transmission of the Contract Note by LIX FX a Contract is formed between LIX FX and the Client.
3.3 Within ten minutes of transmission of the Contract Note, the Client should check, complete, sign and return the Contract Note to LIX FX by fax or other agreed means. If LIX FX does not receive back the signed and fully completed Contract Note within this time, LIX FX may choose whether to: (a) treat the Contract as void in which case no further action is required by either party; or (b) treat the Contract as binding and act upon the Contract Note in which case LIX FX’s rights under these Terms shall apply with full effect.
3.4 Once LIX FX has transmitted a Contract Note confirming an Order and returned it to LIX FX, the Client may only amend or cancel the Contract Note if LIX FX expressly agrees.
3.5 LIX FX may at its absolute discretion refuse any Order or instructions given by the Client without giving any reason or being liable for any loss the Client suffers as a result of such refusal.
3.6 LIX FX may (but shall not be obliged to) require further confirmation or information from the Client of any Order or instruction if: (a) LIX FX considers that such confirmation or information is desirable or that an Order or instruction is ambiguous; or (b) the instruction is to close the Client’s account or to remit the Client’s funds to a third party.
4.1 The Client shall pay by electronic transmission (or by such other means as agreed with LIX FX in any particular case) into a bank account nominated by LIX FX (the ‘Transaction Account’) the value of the currency to be sold by the Client (the ‘Sale Currency’) in the case of any Contract which is not a spot contract in such instalments as may be specified in the Contract Note and/or as LIX FX may subsequently notify the Client from time to time. No such advance or instalment payment is refundable.
4.2(a) Where the Transaction Account is held in a UK bank, LIX FX shall hold and operate the account as a client trust account. This means LIX FX shall hold the money in this account on trust for its clients for the purposes set out in Clause 4.2(b) and is only authorised to make payments out of the Transaction Account or apply sums held in it in accordance with the Client’s instructions, or as otherwise specified in clause 4.2(b).
4.2(b) The purposes for which money in the Transaction Account is held and may be applied, withdrawn or transferred by or on behalf of LIX FX are: (i) settlement of transactions between LIX FX and any of its clients; (ii) payment of other sums due and payable to LIX FX by LIX FX’s clients including without limitation advance or instalment payments, transfer charges and interest; (iii) payment of sums due to LIX FX’s clients in accordance with their instructions; (iv) repayment of sums owned by LIX FX and temporarily paid by it into the Transaction Accounts; and (v) withdrawal or retention of interest by LIX FX in accordance with clause 5.2.
4.2(c) The Transaction Account is one in which money received from all LIX FX’s Clients is pooled and applied as set out in Clause 4.2(b) for all LIX FX’s Clients. It is not an individually segregated account of the Client.
4.3 The Client must make sure cleared funds are received in the Transaction Account for the full amount of the Sale Currency and any applicable transfer charges on or before the Maturity Date.
4.4 LIX FX may but shall not be required to make any payment under any Contract without first having received confirmation satisfactory to it that cleared funds for all sums due and payable by the Client to LIX FX have in fact been received.
4.5 The Client must make all payments under these Terms in full without any deduction, set-off, counterclaim or withholding of any kind.
4.6 LIX FX may deduct from any payment to be made to the Client any amount the Client may owe to LIX FX or any fees, costs, taxation liabilities, or charges incurred by LIX FX in respect of any transaction with the Client, however they arise.
5.1 If the Client fails to make any payment required under these Terms when it falls due, interest will be charged on the outstanding sum at a rate of five per cent per annum over the base rate of the Bank of England (or of such monetary authority as may replace it). Such interest shall accrue and be calculated daily from the date payment was due until the date the Client pays in full and shall be compounded monthly.
5.2 LIX FX may receive and retain or apply for its own benefit any interest which arises in respect of any sum paid into the Transaction Account.
LIX FX’s charges will be as set out in the Contract Note. The Client understands that because LIX FX deals as principal the exchange rate it offers the Client will not be the same as the rate LIX FX obtains itself.
7.1 If a dispute arises between LIX FX and the Client relating to the existence or terms of any contract (a ‘Disputed Contract’), LIX FX may close out or take any other action it considers appropriate in relation to the Disputed Contract without previously notifying and/or without having received instruction from the Client. LIX FX will try to notify the Client (orally or in writing) what action it has taken, as soon afterwards as it practically can, but if it does not, the validity of its action shall not be affected.
7.2 Without prejudice to the exercise of LIX FX’s rights under Clause 7.1 and to clause 9 and the provisions of Clause 10, a party found at fault in relation to a Disputed Contract will not be liable for more than the direct loss incurred by the other party (plus interest on that loss) in connection with that Contract.
The Client represents to LIX FX that, both at the date of this Agreement and at the time each Contract is entered into and carried out: (a) the Client is acting as principal for its own account and has full power and authority and has taken all necessary steps to enable it lawfully to enter into and perform these Terms and every Contract under these Terms; (b) all sums paid to LIX FX under these Terms belong to the Client and are not subject to any charge or other encumbrance; (c) all information supplied to LIX FX by the Client is, or at the time it is supplied will be, accurate in all material respects and the Client will not omit or withhold any information which would make such information inaccurate in any material respect; (d) the Client will provide to LIX FX on request such information regarding its financial and business affairs and/or identity, as LIX FX may reasonably require; and (e) the Client has a valid commercial or personal reason for requiring the currency it buys under each Contract, will not enter into any Contract for investment or speculative purposes and will take physical delivery of the currency bought.
9. DEFAULT, CLOSE & REFUSAL TO PERFORM
9.1 LIX FX may refuse to perform or may close out all or any part of any Contract, without incurring any liability to the Client for losses that may be sustained as a result and without giving notice to the Client or receiving any instructions from it, upon or at any time after the happening of any of the following events: (a) the Client fails to make any payment when due under these Terms; (b) the Client dies or becomes of unsound mind; (c) the Client suspends payment of its debts, makes any composition with its creditors, has a receiver appointed of some or all of its assets, takes or has any proceedings taken against it in bankruptcy or takes or allows any steps to be taken for its winding up other (except for a solvent amalgamation or reconstruction approved in advance in writing by LIX FX) or anything similar to any of these events happens to the Client anywhere in the world; (d) the Client fails in any respect fully and promptly to comply with any obligations to LIX FX under these Terms or otherwise or if any of the representations of or information supplied by the Client are or become inaccurate; (e) it becomes or may become unlawful for LIX FX to maintain or give effect to all or any of the obligations under these Terms or otherwise to carry on its business or if LIX FX or the Client is requested not to perform or to close out a Contract (or any part thereof) by any governmental or regulatory authority whether or not that request is legally binding; or (f) LIX FX considers it necessary to do so for its own protection.
9.2 If the Client becomes aware of the occurrence of any event referred to in clause 9.1(a) to (f), it shall notify LIX FX immediately.
9.3 If any event referred to in Clause 9.1(a) to (f) takes place LIX FX shall also at its discretion be entitled to: (a) forfeit the whole or any part of any sums previously paid to LIX FX (to a maximum amount equal to all sums due or to become due to LIX FX from the Client); (b) charge the Client with all of the costs, expenses and losses (and interest at the rate referred to in Clause 5 on any sums that LIX FX may expend or borrow in connection with Contracts and action it may take to cover or reduce its exposure under them) incurred by LIX FX as a result of LIX FX entering into Contracts with the Client.
9.4 If for any reason a Contract is closed out or does not proceed to completion, LIX FX will send to the Client any sum due to the Client or a notice setting out the sum due from the Client.
9.5 If the Client’s cheque, or any other method of payment, is dishonoured, returned, not met on first presentation or stopped for whatever reason, LIX FX shall levy an administrative charge of £50.00 in respect of each such payment. This administrative charge will become payable by the Client in addition to any other sums due under these Terms.
9.6 LIX FX shall not be responsible in any way for any delay in payment by it under these Terms caused by the Client or any other third party, including but not limited to bank delay, postal delay, failure or delay of any fax or electronic transmission or delay caused by accident, emergency, disasters of any kind or act of god and or nature. For the avoidance of doubt the Client accepts that the Client is solely responsible for ensuring that all payments required from the Client under any transaction between the Client and LIX FX are made promptly and within the time limits specified by the particular Contract.
10. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY AND INDEMNITY
10.1(a) The maximum liability of LIX FX, whether arising in contract, tort or otherwise shall in no circumstances exceed an amount equal to the currency sold by LIX FX under the Contract.
10.1(b) If LIX FX fails to perform its duties under a Contract, LIX FX shall in no way be liable to the Client for any consequential or indirect loss the Client may incur as a result.
10.2 The Client shall, on demand by LIX FX, indemnify LIX FX and keep it indemnified from and against all liabilities, damages, losses and costs (including legal costs), duties, taxes, charges, commissions or other expenses incurred by LIX FX in the proper performance of its services or the enforcement of its rights under these Terms and, in particular, but without limiting the general indemnity, against all amounts which LIX FX may certify to be necessary to compensate it for all liabilities, damages, losses and costs (including legal costs), duties, taxes, charges, commissions or other expenses incurred by LIX FX (including loss of profit and losses and expenses from any action LIX FX takes to seek to cover or reduce its exposure under any Contracts) as a result of: (a) the Client breaching any terms of this Agreement; (b) LIX FX acting on a written, oral, telephone, fax or electronic Order which appeared to LIX FX to be, from the Client or an Authorised Person; or (c) LIX FX exercising its rights under these Terms to close out all or any part of any Contract before its applicable Maturity Date.
10.3 The indemnities in this clause 10 shall survive termination of any agreement under these Terms and LIX FX’s certificate under clause 10.2 shall, unless it is manifestly inaccurate, be conclusive.
11.1 These Terms set out the entire agreement and understanding of the parties on their subject matter and supersede all previous oral and written communications on the same subject matter.
11.2 LIX FX may amend these Terms by notice in writing to the Client at any time and such amendment shall take effect from the date specified by LIX FX but may not affect any rights or obligations that have already arisen. Otherwise, these Terms may only be varied by the written agreement of LIX FX and the Client.
11.3 If at any time any provision of these Terms or any Contract is or becomes illegal, invalid or unenforceable under the laws of any jurisdiction, neither the legality, validity or enforceability of such provision under the laws of any other jurisdiction nor the legality validity or enforceability of any other provision of these Terms or any Contract shall in any way be affected as a result.
11.4 If a party fails to exercise or delays in exercising any right under these Terms, by doing so it does not waive such right. The rights provided in these Terms do not exclude other rights provided by law.
11.5 The parties agree to: (a) the electronic recording by LIX FX of telephone conversations between the parties with or without an automatic tone warning device; and (b) the use of such recordings as evidence by either party in any dispute or anticipated dispute between the parties or relating to dealings between the parties.
11.6 If LIX FX makes any recordings or transcripts it may also destroy them in accordance with its normal procedures.
11.7 The Client acknowledges and agrees that LIX FX is permitted to carry out an electronic database search and search credit reference agencies in order to verify the Client’s identity and credit standing. If such searches are carried out, LIX FX may keep records of the contents and results of such searches in accordance with all current and applicable laws.
12. DATA PROTECTION
12.1 The Client authorises LIX FX to collect, use, store or otherwise process any personal information (‘Personal Information’) to enable LIX FX and/or members of its group and/or the organisation which introduced or referred the Client to LIX FX to provide and/or improve its services. This may mean passing Personal Information to individuals or organisations which may be located in countries outside the European Economic Area (“EEA”) that do not have laws to protect the Client’s information.
12.2 LIX FX may also use the Personal Information to provide the Client with news and other information on LIX FX’s services and activities which may be useful to the Client. If the Client would prefer its Personal Information not to be used for such purposes, it should contact LIX FX at the above address.
12.3 LIX FX may pass on Personal Information to any organisations which LIX FX considers may be of assistance to the Client (which may be located outside the EEA) so that they may contact the Client with details of products and services which may interest the Client, subject to the Client’s consent. The Client has indicated below where it consents to receiving information from such organisations (including by e-mail or other electronic means) and where it consents to receiving information from organisations outside the EEA.
13. CHANGE OF ADDRESS
LIX FX may from time to time change its operational and registered premises and therefore the agreement laid out herewith will be deemed to automatically be at any new address, LIX FX will endeavour to notify client of any changes in addresses.
13.1 If the Client changes addresses they must provide LIX FX with the new details as soon as possible.
14. APPLICABLE LAW
These Terms shall be governed by English law and subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English courts.